|Dopatrium is reported earlier; but now not traceable in the area.|
Herbs to shrubs; inflorescence racemose, bracts large, conspicuous; Calyx free or connate, often sharply pointed, adaxial lobes of Corolla outside others in bud [aestivation descending cochleate], (lobes narrow); stamens 2 or 4, staminodes present or 0; carpels 2, syncarpous, superior; capsule dehiscence explosive, walls cartilaginous, calyx persistent. Mostly tropical.
Ecbolium viride (Forssk.) Alston,chikatiquratappa,చీకటి కూరతుప్ప nakkathokaనక్కతోక , pachha vaadambaramపచ్చ వాడంబరము ,
Trees or shrubs; leaves bicompound, margins entire (toothed); flowers large; K often with nectaries, A (5, 2), thecae sagittate or head-to-head, usu. not confluent, tapetum amoeboid, ovules in two groups in each loculus, (placentae lobed), stigma lobes broad, sensitive, fruit often with nectaries; seeds many, winged; C-4 carboxyl and ecarboxylated iridoids +; cork also cortical; cambium storied.
Vegetatively diverse insectivorous herbs of wet habitats. Utricularia may have leaves or not, but plant parts are modified in to animal-collecting bladders with trap-door entrances that open on stimulation of one of the four sensitive hairs. The flowers are strongly bilabiate, with a nectar-secreting spur, and there are only two anthers.
Vines, trees, or herbs; aromatic, the opposite leaves are serrate; the stem is often 4-angled and with a line across the node, eglandular hairs unicellular, and the often rather weakly monosymmetric flowers with a trumpet-shaped corolla and more or less included anthers are borne in racemes or heads. A of two lengths, but free ; G collateral, placenta on the margin of the carpel,The stigmatic area is conspicuously asymmetricly swollen and glandular and the ovary has four ovules. obturator +; fruit a schizocarp or drupe, K persistent. 4-carboxy-iridoids +; needle crystals common; stomata diacytic,
Leucas biflora (Vahl) R.Br. ex Sm., gobbi గొబ్బి Leucas cephalotes (Roth) Spreng.,pedda tummiపెద్ద తుమ్మి, thummiతుమ్మి, Leucas chinensis (Retz.) R.Br. ex Sm., Leucas diffusa Benth.,
Pogostemon myosuroides (Roth) El Gazzar & L. Watson, Pogostemon nilagiricus Gamble,Pogostemon parviflorus Benth., (New addition)Pogostemon rugosus (Hook.f.) El Gazzar & L. Watson, kondajajeni కొండ జాజైని ;
Herbs to shrubs or rosette plants; leaves alternate, margin serrate or entire; flowers 5 merous, monosymmetric, in terminal racemes, resupinate by pedicel torsion; calyx persistent, median sepal abaxial, corolla with early tube formation, connate; anthers basifixed, anthers introrse, filaments connate at least apically, anthers connate; G , inferior, (placentation parietal), placentae intrusive, bilobed, style elongating after A dehiscence, with hairs, stigma lobed; fruit many seeded loculicidal capsule. Inulin , chelidonic acid, pyridine alkaloids present.
Herbs rarely trees or vines; leaves opposite, rarely alternate; flowers small, aggregated into head or capitulum, lacking a terminal flower, involucral bracts in several series; flowers poly- or variously monosymmetric, flowers open first on the outside, bracts or bracteoles 0; calyx reduced; corolla 5 lobed, 3-lobed in ray florets, lobes of disc corollas usually longer than wide; anthers connate and form a tube through which the style extends before the two stigmatic lobes separate and become recurved; anthers with conspicuous apical and basal appendages. Ovary inferior, one loculed, ovule solitary, basal. Fruits single seeded, calyx pappose in fruit; and are frequently dispersed by wind.Various alkaloids, polyacetylenes , iso/chlorogenic acid, isoflavonoids, sesquiterpene lactones, pentacyclic triterpene alcohols, terpenoid essential oils, present in the seeds, tannins also present.
Carthamus tinctorius L., Kusuma, కుసుమ , kushumbaకుశుమ్బ
Lactuca sativa L., kavu కావు
Sencio tenuifolius Burm.f., kothimeera chamanthi కొత్తిమీరచామంతి
Sigesbeckia orientalis L., rekkala raani రెక్కల రాణి
Solidago canadensis L., Kada chamanthi కాడచామంతి
Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsley)A.Grey kaadabanthi కాడ బంతి
|Foeniculum vulgare peddajilakurra,పెద్ద జిలకర sopu,సోపు sompuసోంపు ; Anethum graveolens L., sompa సోంపు, satakappu vittulu శాతకప్పు విత్తులు|
Anethum sowa Roxb. ex Fleming ,soyakura సోయకూర, pedda sadaapara పెద్ద సదాపార,sabasige సబ్సిగే , shatakuppi-vittulu శత కుప్పి విత్తులు , sompaసొంప, sowaసోవ Bunium bulbocastanum L., kala zeera (black cumin) or shahi zeera షాజిరా లేక నల్ల జిలకర గా పిలవ బడుతుంది.
Cuminum cyminum L., Jilakara జిలకర
Nigella sativa L.,Black carawy -నల్ల జిలకర -It belongs to family Ranunculaceae
Note: Although Carum carvi, Cuminum, Ferula, Foeniculum , Trachy spermum are not cultivated in A.P they are widely used in the cusine, hence to introduce their names in Telugu they are incorporated here.
Peucedanum dhana Buch-Ham ex.Clarke, Peucedanum nagapurense (Clarke)Prain, Rare in E.Godavari and VSKP district